Turku University of Applied Sciences (TUAS)

The challenge

Fastems is headquartered in the Finnish city of Tampere with offices worldwide and a total of about 530 employees. The company develops, manufactures, and supplies flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) and robot cells that automate the production and finishing processes within metalworking companies. Fastems needed to demonstrate a fully functional FMS system via a smaller model at trade fairs and exhibitions worldwide. The Turku University of Applied Sciences (TUAS) offered to participate in a research and development projects.

The solution

Unique project cooperation between Finnish university and FMS company

Finnish university TUAS and the FMS company Fastems have leveraged SolidWorks to develop the world’s first fully functional scale model of an FMS System.

Guests at the EMO machine tool exhibition in Hanover and a big metal industry exhibition in Russia last year had the opportunity to watch the world’s first 1:10 scale model of a fully functional flexible manufacturing system (FMS) from the Finnish FMS and robotics company Fastems.

The model is the result of a collaboration project between Fastems and the Technology Industry RDI-team at Turku University of Applied Sciences (TUAS) in the Finnish city of Turku. Fastems asked the university to develop and produce a scale model, which is an exact copy of one of Fastems’ FMS systems.

“It is very important for us to engage ourselves in these kinds of projects with companies to get a picture of what type of engineers and the skills businesses are looking for. It also gives valuable information about how we could do adjustments to our education programs,” explains project manager Jussi Liikkanen, TUAS, who has been heading the mechanical side of the development project at the mechanical site: “The project has made it easier for Fastems to find the right employees in the future because it has given them a great opportunity to meet our students and learn about their skills. The company also gets the opportunity to give their input to our education programs and raise its profile in the students’ awareness.”

Backbone provided by Enterprise PDM

The complete-scale model of the FMS system was designed in SolidWorks based on SolidWorks models from Fastems. The students were divided into three teams for project management, development, and production. The development team used SolidWorks for mechanical design, simulation, and visualization. The backbone of the team’s work has been SolidWorks Enterprise PDM.

“The students in the design team used the PDM-system as their common collaboration tool for accessing project information and communication. The system insured that they always had easy access to the data they needed and that the information was always up to date,” explains Jussi Liikkanen.

Overcoming modeling and technical challenges

Like with all 3D CAD systems, it was not possible to just downscale Fastems’ existing SolidWorks models to one-tenth of the size, so the students needed to rebuild the 3D scale models of the FMS system and its equipment from scratch.

“Fastems’ models were used only as of the basis for the students’ design work. The visible parts of course had to look exactly like the original system, but the technology inside of the model is very different from the original and the big challenge was not just modeling but developing techniques to make for instance the mechanical elevator and forklift work properly in such a small scale,” Jussi Liikkanen points out. The result of the development work is a fully functional and lookalike scale model complete with a control panel as in Fastems’ commercial systems.

SolidWorks Simulation ensures strength

The development team has been doing comprehensive simulations using SolidWorks Simulation to optimize the strength of the structures and simulate the motion of the FMS system’s moving parts. “The reason we have been using simulation this intensively was partly because the structures of the scale model are so small that we needed to know if they were solid enough and furthermore to analyze the movements of moving parts of the system,” explains Jussi Liikkanen.

3D printing from SolidWorks models

TUAS has used SolidWorks to design the many sheet metal and machined parts that go into the model. Furthermore, a large part of the model consists of 3D printed components, and the university has developed and built its own 3D printers that can print components in plastics and plaster respectively based on SolidWorks models. The relatively small 3D printed parts have been glued together to make up the complete structures of the model.

PhotoView 360 was used to produce a series of photorealistic renderings of the model, which has been used for communication with Fastems and later as marketing material. The students have been using eDrawings and email for the communication between the project management, engineering, and manufacturing teams. The communication with Fastems during the project was mainly done by email and telephone occasionally supplemented with meetings at the university.

The success

  • TUAS building the world’s first fully functional scale model of an FMS system
  • The model of the working FMS system is presented at trade fairs worldwide
  • Fastems had the opportunity to get to know students and their skills and to provide input to the future of engineering education at TUAS
Turku University of Applied Sciences (TUAS)

“It is very important for us to engage ourselves in these kinds of projects with companies to get a picture of what type of engineers and skills businesses are looking for. It gives also valuable information about how we could do adjustments to our education programs.”

Jussi Liikkanen